In Class Exercises: Class 1: Endangered Sound (Revolutionary Year 222/Anhoek School Correspondence Course)




Cliff Notes– Space: sonic. Sonic: extinction. Extinction: expression. Expression: measurement Measurement: drawing

Exercise 1: Fugue

At the threshold of the room: The first student to arrive is directed:

1. Don headphones.

2. Enter dimly lit room.

3. Listen to a sound sample: the Ōʻōʻāʻā. 

4. Imitate the call of the Ōʻōʻāʻā  until the next student arrives.

5. Place headphones on the arriving student’s ears and retreat to an unoccupied portion of the room and listen in silence.

6. Repeat until all students have arrived.


Exercise 2: Sound as Studio

1. Find the quietest place within one mile that is not your room.

2. Duct tape recording device to body.

3. Make a one hour recording at this site. Do not speak.

4. Leave your new studio.

5. Return to classroom.

6. Collective work: All recordings are played simultaneously.


Exercise 3: Grading/ Measurement/ evaluation

1. Invent a noble, ethical and liberating form of evaluation for cultural production.

2. Account for an institution that demands a spectrum of grades within a singular classroom.

3. Account for subjectivity, art history, hours labored, and notions of use-value.

4. Reject subjectivity, art history, hours labored, and notions of use-value.

5. What remains of your design?



1. Listen to Toshiya Tsunod

2. Make a 15 minute field recording of your own in a external space (outside).

3. Make a non-representational drawing of your recording or swap with a classmate.

4. Draw for the entire length of the recording with/on materials found at the same site as your recording.





Notes: The Kaua’i ‘Ō‘ō was very vocal, making hollow, haunting, flute-like calls. Both the male and female birds were known to sing (Munro 1960). This species is known from the Hawaiian island of Kaua’i, USA, but it is now Extinct having been last recorded in 1987. Habitat destruction and invasive species were the major causes. (  It was common in the 1890s, but declined drastically during the early 20th century (Pratt et al. 1987). By the 1970s, it was confined to the Alaka’i Wilderness Preserve (Pratt 1994). In 1981, a single pair remained, the female of which was not found after Hurricane Iwa in 1982, the male being last seen in 1985. The last report, of vocalisations only, was in 1987, and the species has not been recorded during subsequent surveys of Alaka’i (Conant et al. 1998). The last recording is purportedly a male bird vocalizing a mating call that cannot be returned.

Ōʻōʻāʻā Footage:



Syllabification: fugue

Pronunciation: /fyo͞og



  • 1Music A contrapuntal composition in which a short melody or phrase (the subject) is introduced by one part and successively taken up by others and developed by interweaving the parts.

  • 2Psychiatry A state or period of loss of awareness of one’s identity, often coupled with flight from one’s usual environment, associated with certain forms of hysteria and epilepsy.





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